The Future of Male Infertility


by Dr Agilan Arjunan, Fertility Specialist , KL Fertility Centre (Malaysia) 

Male factor is the cause for about 1/3 of infertility. However, the role of male- cause infertility is in the rise and many researches has confirmed this fact. Nevertheless, male partner is often the “forgotten” partner in the equation of fertility treatment. The focus has always been the female. Hence, we see today many investigations and treatments are focused on the female.

To conceive a baby, we need female egg (oocyte), male sperm and a healthy womb (uterus). In the treatment of male-cause infertility, sperm is usually retrieved either my masturbation (in mild -moderate male infertility) or by a surgical procedure (in severe male infertility). In the event the sperm in not retrieved, donor sperm is advised. The next step is usually IVF/ICSI (In-Vitro Fertilisation / Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection) or sometimes IUI (Intrauterine Insemination) with donor sperm. Treatment for the couple is highly dependent on the availability of mature sperm, either from the partner or from a donor.

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Vitamin D Improves IVF Success Rate

by Dr Agilan Arjunan , Fertility Specialist, KL Fertility Centre (Malaysia)


We consume multivitamins as daily supplements. Of all the vitamins , Vitamin D is of particular interest in the world of infertility. Let me enlighten all my readers about Vitamin D and infertility.

Vitamin D or ‘sunshine vitamin’ is a group of fat-soluable steroid hormone , synthesized mainly by the skin on exposure to sunshine. Less than 10-20% of Vitamin D is obtained from diet ! Synthesis of Vitamin D in the skin is the major natural source of this vitamin.

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